Bug of Week 11: June Bug

A sure sign that summer is near is the sounds of June Bugs bouncing off the window screens at night. Also called June Beetles, the common name refers to a very large genus of reddish-brown, nocturnal insects. While June Bugs are sometimes alarmingly large, they are harmless to humans and won't bite.

Please be gentle and respectful to all animals and insects.

Species Phyllophaga

HABITAT (WHERE THEY LIVE): June bugs are primarily found in North America, especially in the northeast. They're also found in Canada, and some parts of South America.

NUTRITION (WHAT THEY EAT): June Bugs can be considered a garden pest as they eat primarily plant matter- leaves, roots, and vegetation.

PREDATORS (WHO EATS THEM): One predator of the June bug is the waved light fly. Females lay eggs under the June bug's hard shell, which hatch and feed on the beetle, eventually killing it. Other predators include small mammals like moles.

LIFE CYCLE: Adult females bury 50-200 eggs under the soil. The larvae spend three years underground, feeding on plant roots, and eventually pupate and emerge as adults in late summer before burying themselves again for the winter. In the spring, adult June bugs emerge again to feed on plants. Adults live less than one year.